Substation Design Pdf

In particular, we focus on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). ire F 5 sprinklers are generally not required in electrical rooms when only dry-type electrical 6 equipment is used (NFPA 13, article 8. 5 kV through 500 kV. the substation earthing grid at both ends. 2 OHS and sustainable energy principles, functionality and practices to reduce the incidents of accidents and minimise waste are incorporated into the project in accordance with requirements and/or established procedures 2. pdf), Text File (. substation equipment and develop appropriate procedures • Compare the features of gas insulated to air insulated substation installations • Discuss HVDC substations, equipment, components, and operation. 31 Air insulated substations design for severe climate condition WG B3. 1 Standard code of practice The Contractor must design all civil works in compliance with the relevant TasNetworks Standards. pdf - Grounding Tutorial Substation Ground System Design Standard IEEE 80 Terry. OSHMI - Open Substation HMI This project combines existing open source projects and tools to create a very capable, mobile and c. 1 What is safe design?. EDS-0156 Rev 0 Digitalization of the transmission grid - Requirements for open standards. Standards Managed by the IEEE PES Substations Committee The Substations Committee actively creates and updates multiple IEEE standards. Scope: This document is a guide for the design, installation, and protection of insulated wire and cable systems in substations with the objective of helping to minimize cable failures and their consequences. 8000+ projects. 5 Drawing Template - Terminal Yard Œ 330kV 26 3. The choice of a particular arrangement depends upon various factors such as system voltage, position of sub-station, degree of reliability, cost etc. Download File. Consult Bentley Systems Europe B. Fundamentals of Modern Electrical Substations Part 1: Mission of Electrical Substations and their Main Components Course No: E02-010 Credit: 2 PDH Boris Shvartsberg, Ph. This standard does not apply for kiosks substations or pole top equipment, e. 4 Main requirements. Include First Aid & CPR Certification (if applicable) 2. Recent technological developments have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of substation design and operation. Table 1-1 Yard Minimum Clearances Nominal Operating Voltage (Ph-Ph) 1,2, kV Nom 1 Basic Impulse Level. Many references for stationary battery sys-tem design address only a specific battery technology, making it difficult to compare different types of batteries for their overall suitability to substation application. Traction Power Substation #9 Leigh Brinkley, Artist, Charlotte, NC. Substations and their component systems are described, along with the various bus configurations and types of construction in use today. 4 Personnel access and equipment access (including power cables). Substation Design Criteria Page 4 of 8 Electrical Clearances Yard Clearances The substation shall be designed to provide at a minimum, the yard clearances and spacing in Table 1-1. Dimensions. and using software integration of data when retrofitting existing design. for the design of substations 1. I subscribed this morning to your website and immediately thereafter there came up a link to download the pdf ebook " Power Substation Design Calculations - A Checklist of 18 Studies for Engineers to Consider" Erroneously I closed the window and then I can't find that link anymore, not it is in my mailbox. institute of electrical and electronics engineers, ieee guide for safety in ac substation grounding, ieee std 80-2013, ieee power and energy society, new york, ny. Proposed substation design. The key steps in the substation designing include switching-system, Planning and placing of equipment, selection of components as well as ordering, support of engineers, structural design, the design of electrical layout, protection of relay, and major apparatus ratings. Design coordination with other internal departments. Design Criteria This section contains the architectural, structural, and mechanical provisions for building electrical systems. More drawings will be included for a project that will be constructed by a contractor than for a project constructed by the substation owner’s personnel. Substation Design Summary SUB-SJ007. n This metal fence grounding requirement may be accomplished by bonding the fence to the substation grounding grid or to a separate underground conductor below or near the fence line using the methods described in the NESC. As shown in Figure 1, the design included a temperature sensor connected to one of the HC11's A/D input pins on Port E, and light emitting diodes (LEDs) connected to Port B. Voltage and MVA : Upto 138 kV and 50 MVA Tap changer type : Off load and Load tap. The design of a pre-manufactured substation requires interpretation of the above criteria so that the unit is manufactured to allow for all interconnectivity of individual items of electrical equipment and that the unit allows for site interconnectivity at the correct points for ease of termination of site control and power cabling. This Substation Automation Local Area Network and Security Design and Implementation Guide CVD (SA LAN and Security CVD) version 2. Substation HV Design John McGrath John. Vendor to confirm 10. Recent technological developments have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of substation design and operation. pdf - Grounding Tutorial Substation Ground System Design Standard IEEE 80 Terry. 1 North Fernley Substation. Pad Mounted Substation are designed in accordance with IS 14786 / IEC 61330. 47 kV breakers configured in a main and transfer bus scheme with a double-ended bus arrangement in metal-clad switchgear. The following substations are included as components of the proposed projects. • Cost of a SAS is not driven by hardware but. In the event the Southwest substation is lost during summer (i. Substation Automation Moxa provides state-of-the-art solutions for substation automation and feeder automation applications for both public utilities and enterprises. 3-ieee80groundsystemdesignpresentationmh1-140731125957-phpapp01. The scope of this lightning protection project includes complete protection for substation components, in their entirety. Part of the earth fault current will thus be diverted to a remote earthing grid via the cable armouring. FR-XLPE/CPE (Thermoplastic) Shielded-LCT. This paper is to provide information pertinent to safe earthing practices in ac substation design and to establish the safe limits of potential difference under normal and fault conditions. Below are the reference standards that will be used for Senior Thesis. COP 101 Distribution Substation Design This Code of Practice details the general principles CLP applies to the design of its distribution substations, including those located on ground level, in a basement, upper levels such as in high-rises, and outdoor areas. ppt), PDF File (. A traditional open-air substation for a 5 megawatt solar project just completed by S&C cost an estimated $1. Pad Mounted Substation are designed in accordance with IS 14786 / IEC 61330. NSP 007 010 Guidance on Substation Design: Fire Hazards and Precautions NSP 007 011 Guidance on Substation Design: Heating and Lighting NSP 007 012 Guidance on Substation Design: Substation Earthing (In Draft) NSP 007 013 Guidance on Substation Design: LVAC Systems NSP 007 014 Guidance on Substation Design: 110V, 48V and 24V DC Systems. The different types of layout for substation are explained below in details. the Transmission & Substation Standards (TSS) department. I am working currently in the Water domain and exploring the adoption of AutoCAD Electrical for drawing substation drawings and linking the same with the substation shown as a point in the main map. Specification – Substation Power Transformer Standard Number: HPC-8DC-23-0001-2015. 3 Typical Substation Layout a) Both 400kV and 132kV GIS is indoor type. - IEC 61850 substation - Purpose and scope of IEC 61850 • IEC 61850 Information Model • Substation communication - Introduction Purpose and Scope of IEC 61850 Objectives The 61850 standard was developed to: - Address the need for a more structured approach to design of Substation Automation Systems. The transformers are of the sealed tank design and suitable for use in coordinated unit substation in most any type of application and environment. , 27th April 2005 Mumbai. Substation Design Criteria Page 4 of 8 Electrical Clearances Yard Clearances The substation shall be designed to provide at a minimum, the yard clearances and spacing in Table 1-1. 132 kV Substation. From initial site review and selection, to creating substation layout drawings and equipment specifications, you will consider every phase in detail. Earthing design calculations Performing earthing design calculations, using one of the standards above, is an involved and time. PDF Download) Aug 25, 2015 Smart meters have grabbed a lot of the limelight when it comes to the smart grid. 1 North Fernley Substation. Engineer IV– Substation Physical – Exp. Greenfield projects provide an opportunity to design and deploy IEC 61850 substation automation systems. Table 1-1 Yard Minimum Clearances Nominal Operating Voltage (Ph-Ph) 1,2, kV Nom 1 Basic Impulse Level. It is intended to help those who have to define and implement SAS, whilst also conforming to the current. To understand how theses power substations are causing possible health risks to the human body, learn more about the process involved in the transmission of power from substations to a domestic user. Each phase would have its own on-site substation and battery storage system. Transformer outlines, dimensions, and weights b. The operational flexibility and reliability of the substat. The minimum daytime load on the substation is about 3. 1984 - NEMA SG6, Section 36, Outdoor Substations, (Structures, Pole-top Frames and Other Parameters) - Company Design Guides. Is it possible to send it?. Consult Bentley Systems Europe B. Responses received to this will be evaluated and RFP by a Selection Committee in ranked. To understand the main features of IEC 61850-based substation automation systems and their impact on the specification for such systems, it is important to analyse the evolution and. 6—External View of the 22-kV/6-kV Large-capacity Mini Substation. 3 the requirements contained herein shall constitute the design standards for all GIS substation buildings and, where appropriate, the equivalent buildings on AIS substations. 2 - Abstract Communication Service Interface (ACSI) 7. •If the earth grid impedance is less than 10 Ohm then the design. The State of Texas is seeking critical equipment and capacity for medical providers, such as personal protective equipment (PPE), alternate care sites, and infection-control products. Design coordination with other internal departments. Electrical Design Standard Symbols. MSETCL 220kV Nerul Substation: Nerul Substation Station, Near Wonder Park, Nerul, Navi Mumbai-400706. 38kV level (i. Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide Revision D Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D 7 2. Table 1-1 Yard Minimum Clearances Nominal Operating Voltage (Ph-Ph) 1,2, kV Nom 1 Basic Impulse Level. in Substations”. 3: Proposed substation design. The customer will design, install, maintain, own and operate all equipment from the division of ownership, at the fence, back to their generation units. T unit, isolators, protection and metering P. Proper sizing, design, and main-tenance of the components that make up the auxiliary dc control system are required. EE104/1 + battery calculator document. The list below shows both published standards and those being created/updated with active PARs (Project Authorization Request). That’s a rather complicated question, but it starts with a 10 MVA transformer or unit substation with the voltages to match your system. Electrical Substation Now days the electrical power demand is increasing very rapidly. Gas insulated switchgear is used in industrial areas to fulfil high-energy demands by space saving design with a minimum of cost. * Design and speci˜cations are subject to change without notice. Between the generating station and consumer, electric power may flow through several substations at different voltage levels. Consult Bentley Systems Europe B. These applications require coordination across several substations, either regionally or over the entire interconnection. No other distributed generation (DG) is located on this feeder or substation. In the proposed design, the integration of protection and switching in the transformer enables to reduce the size of the MV switchgear and then to be able to design an optimized kiosk in terms of dimensions with only one operating face for MV and LV (Fig. 113 / Prepared by the Subcommittee on the Design of Substation Structures of the Structural Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Leon Kempner. Responsible for Developing a project execution plan for the overall projects. From initial site review and selection, to creating substation layout drawings and equipment specifications, you will consider every phase in detail. Transmission, Distribution, & Substation Construction Transmission Lines. Classification of Substations by Design. For the required configuration of University substations see Standard Electrical Detail 26110001 for single-ended substations and Standard Electrical Detail 26110002 for double -ended substations. 2 is an update that describes developments to the Cisco validated substation automation solution architectures. The substation shall consist of: a. Substation Power Transformers We are able to achieve compact design with 3D Modeling and high efficiency Substation Power Transformers with Hib grade silicon steel and special type design that is to be easy transpotation and installation. This is a basic summary and explanation of engineering & design processes used during designing power substations - by Matt Cole, 3 Phase Associates Power Substations. Typical substation design. The conceptual model that we suggest for the substation automation system is given below. 0 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS Whilst this document covers the key civil engineering design requirements of an electrical substation, the designer must have due regard for basic design elements. 4 - Compatible logical node classes and data classes. “But we wanted to go beyond 3D to work with designs that included more embedded intelligence. City of Toronto. Consult Bentley Systems Europe B. Substations load comparison for the period from November 2010 through February 2012 shows a decline of -0. Each tower will have three arms on each side, each supporting an insulator string carrying two. Such applications are often referred to as wide-area controls or special protection schemes. For fulfilling these huge power demands the modern time requires creation of bigger and bigger power generating stations. these clearances. 115 kV Substation Design Presentation - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. Under substation fault, both the substation earth grid and the pole grid resistance are exposed to voltage rise. ii) These potential transformers will be used as Bus-Bar P. A substation is a high – voltage electric system facility. Extension of Kwagga substation and establishment of Phoebus substation July 2009 Description of the Proposed Project Page 12 The proposed solution, which is known as the City of Tshwane Electricity Supply Plan Scheme proposed to construct four new substations in the Tshwane area. Substation earthing system design optimisation through the application of quantified risk analysis Tutorial Advisory Group B3. Switchgear sizing calculations pdf. In conjunction with the. Includes bibliographical references and index. Distributed Photovoltaic Systems Design and Technology Requirements Chuck Whitaker, Jeff Newmiller, Michael Ropp, Benn Norris Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation,. 2 out of 5 stars 4. AC substation. RUS Bulletin 1724E-302 – Design Guide, Oil Spill Prevention and Control at Substations H. Packaged Substations Project Execution –Detailed Design –ecord rawings “qs -uilt” –roject pecific “qs ommissioned” –Modify Existing or create new documentation to reflect multi-system integration •Substation Automation / PMS Control •DCS Monitoring / Control •External Alarm Annunciation •Communications •Time. 80 and ENA TS 41-24 reference the requirements for earthing of substations. TSS creates standard documents for design, specification and installation practices for transmission &substation facilities. Responses received to this will be evaluated and RFP by a Selection Committee in ranked. pdf - Grounding Tutorial Substation Ground System Design Standard IEEE 80 Terry. 3 Traditional definitions and types 4 2. DESCRIPTION 1. transformers, capacitors and reclosers. Dimensions. Equipment spacing shall be in accordance with the applicable codes. COALVILLE 132/33 kV SUBSTATION. JEA is responsible for approval of materials and the design standards used in the construction of its electric infrastructure. Physical Security of the U. Earthing design calculations Performing earthing design calculations, using one of the standards above, is an involved and time. pacificsteelstructures. Substation Project Manager. Electricity produced by the arrays would be collected and routed to an on-site substation. pdf), Text file (. earth mat design for 132kv substation in rivers state using etap. The Electrical substation design is a complex method with full of engineer planning. Distribution substation A distribution substation transfers power from the transmission system to the distribution system of an area. Acronyms and abbreviations used only in tables and figures are. 6 Calculation Of Voltage Drop (V. Abstract The main purpose of this paper is to acquaint the reader with various types of grounding systems prevalent in an Electrical substation and their importance. 2Structure of the substation 6 2. 1 What is safe design?. Switchgear sizing calculations pdf. Transformer Substations 6. Proposed substation details are to be submitted for acceptance before installation. o Design and review PV projects Substation Design Engineer for NiSource in NW Indiana –14 Months o Layout design, protection schemes, and installation sequencing for substations at the distribution and transmission voltage classes Graduate of Washington University in St. Indoor Type Substations – In such type of substations, the apparatus is installed within the substation building. Transformer Substations 6. Drawings for a substation project can range from a few to over a hundred depending on owner’s preferences and size and type of substation project. Between the generation and distribution, the voltage may vary through several substations. The skill of the designer is to anticipate the present and future needs that the substation will cater to, select appropriate design configuration and calculate the ratings of main equipment such as busbars, transformers and switchgear so as to ensure trouble free service over a number. These reports can be also supplied to relevant government authorities to support auditing processes. Required Changes to the Offshore HVAC Collector Substation Platform Topside Dimensions The Environmental Statement considered a worst-case scenario of up to six Offshore HVAC Collector Substations within the array area, each being of a maximum size of 60m by 60m, however,. • Simple and well-arranged technical design through the use of well-proven experience resulting from technologies employed in many transportable traction sub stations. Substation Grounding Tutorial. Design coordination with other internal departments. Underground substations are not a new idea and many such installations are already in operation. PROT 411 provides an in-depth study of the methods used in designing protection for high-voltage power transformer protection and substation bus protection. Earthing system for large installation like power stations and coal processing plants require more sophisticated calculations to achieve safe cost-effective designs. All Powell manufactured elements along with third-party elements are considered in the design, fabrication, assembly, test, and delivery of your Traction Power Substation. 3 Example146. 38kV level (i. The load demand of Mai Po Section as reviewed by MTR and CLPP would be about 18MVA. 27 n Always review and follow the transformers data plate for critical information n IMPORTANT: Data plates may not always be accurate n Test should to verify that data plate information matches the transformer. Typical substation electrical design services include: • Substation layout – sizing and layout, control panel plan and elevation design, equipment foundation and oil containment design. 37 Internal arc effects in medium voltage switchgear (1-52kV) - mitigation. 3 Competent, English speaking experts shall be arranged by the vendor for satisfactory & effective training of BHEL personnel. We use cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience. Statement on COVID-19 outbreak. Zone 1 is now supplied power from 110kV Vo Cuong substation and 110kV Dap Cau substation. Town Substation, more than 50 years old, is located on a 0. The customer will design, install, maintain, own and operate all equipment from the division of ownership, at the fence, back to their generation units. New large Nordic company 2. Electric Utility Substation Design Pike Corporation GA - Marietta Full-Time Position Overview This is the fourth level of the Engineering classification. required for the substation and any civil construction requirements (but no civil design details). 2 is an update that describes developments to the Cisco validated substation automation solution architectures. Abstract: Well-designed grounding system is very much essential as far as the safety of the crew and the substation equipments are concerned. 10 Drawing. Implement new substation design. This chapter presents general information concerning the design of the substation physical arrangement. The second must-have is the Design of Steel Transmission Pole Structures, also known as ASCE Standard 48-11. It’s based around widely-used and well-regarded technology, and. ISBN-13: 978-0-7844-0935-0 (alk. •There is no risk of transferred potential. dahuasecurity. Substation Layout Outdoor Substation Check: Compliance with all technical requirements All energize elements comply with the required clearances Clearances Verify compliance with the last requirements of the National Electrical Safety Code or PREPA Diseño Sub-w\Copy of SVC Subst Profile 2. Substation Structure Design Guide (ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice Book 13) by Leon Kempner Jr. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877) 322-5800 F: (877) 322-4774 [email protected] Electric Power eTool: Illustrated Glossary - Substations. Beta was also involved in the design and construction of a GIS substation in Anaheim, California that is completely hidden by a park. FR-XLPE/CPE (Thermoplastic) Shielded-LCT. Design of main dimensions of rotating machines. More drawings will be included for a project that will be constructed by a contractor than for a project constructed by the substation owner’s personnel. | Jan 1, 2008. This Senior Thesis will make an attempt to use the Eurocodes for design purposes when possible. Transformer Audible Noise and Vibrations 5. , Greenacres, WA 99016 Phone: (509) 921-5835 Fax: (509)921-5857 www. MUJUMDARGeneral Manager (sub-station Engineering) Jyoti Structures Ltd. 2Structure of the substation 6 2. This paper is to provide information pertinent to safe earthing practices in ac substation design and to establish the safe limits of potential difference under normal and fault conditions. 3: Source: JICA Survey Team (RMEK Specification & Discussion) Figure 6. NES helps to drive its new substation design process with Autodesk ® Inventor software, which allows design engineers to create intelligent, digital models of substations assembled from a library of 3D parts. understanding of substation design, which is a must for engineers and technicians working in the power system. Zone 1 is now supplied power from 110kV Vo Cuong substation and 110kV Dap Cau substation. The new mini substations provide greater capacity, enhanced capabilities (including built-in remote monitoring and distribution line coupling capabilities), and are smaller than previous substations. Substation Design High voltage substation design is a complex engineering activity that embraces a wide variety of disciplines. Only 7 left in stock (more on the way). the Design of the Trailer should match and respect all of these clearances. Louis –2015 o Bachelor of Science in Systems Science & Engineering. Central Electricity Authority. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. Substation Configuration • Substation configuration can greatly affect protection choices • Substation physical design engineers must be in full agreement with protection and control engineers, even for temporary substation configurations. Challenges and Design of Offshore Substations Christer Olerud Trondheim 20. The transformers are of the sealed tank design and suitable for use in coordinated unit substation in most any type of application and environment. Substation Automation Moxa provides state-of-the-art solutions for substation automation and feeder automation applications for both public utilities and enterprises. CIGRE presents their expertise in unique reference books on electrical power networks. design considerations of Residential Electrical Installations, 4. Substation design shall be suitable for the environment. pdf), Text File (. I subscribed this morning to your website and immediately thereafter there came up a link to download the pdf ebook " Power Substation Design Calculations - A Checklist of 18 Studies for Engineers to Consider" Erroneously I closed the window and then I can't find that link anymore, not it is in my mailbox. b) The overall area dimensions of the substation will be considered as 320m x 270m including temporally storage area, site offices etc. ! Select an appropriate design. The grounding grid system of a practical 220 kV substation is calculated by MATLAB. However, with limited guidance on procedures alternative design codes and standards may be used. substation free download. Vendor to confirm 10. • IEEE 525™-2007, IEEE Guide for the Design and Installation of Cable Systems in Substations • IEEE 605™-2008, IEEE Guide for Design of substation Rigid-Bus Structures • Correction to IEEE 605™-1998, IEEE Guide for Design of substation Rigid-Bus Structures. This is for the first time that such stand alone application for grounding system design is developed using MATLAB GUIDE. Substation Design Criteria Page 4 of 8 Electrical Clearances Yard Clearances The substation shall be designed to provide at a minimum, the yard clearances and spacing in Table 1-1. This comprehensive overview brings these disciplines together to give you an interactive guide to high voltage, air or gas insulated substation design. Keen knowledge about relevant Indian standards, NBC. The transformers are of the sealed tank design and suitable for use in coordinated unit substation in most any type of application and environment. Electric Substation Design & Construction. Battery Calculator (hyperlinked to EE104/1 - page 40). OFFICE OF PRIMARY INTEREST: Transmission Branch, Electric Staff Division. OpenUtilities Substation is the only software that unites electrical and physical design. AC substation. au or phone (07) 3664 DATA – 3664 3282 so that the records can be updated. 31 Air insulated substations design for severe climate condition WG B3. 250MVA unit for the Shin-Hokushin Substation of Chubu Electric Power Co. dahuasecurity. Document Responsibility: Electrical Substations Equipment Standards Committee SAES-P-119 Issue Date: 5 November 2012 Next Planned Update: 5 November 2017 Substations Page 8 of 20 design calculations verifying the buildings blast design capacity. 3 SCOPE To establish LILO connectivity of existing MSETCL 220kV Trombay– Nerul line at existing AEML 220kV Chembur Substation following work is required. k Vac – SS 555 Markets covered: 1 6 5 2 2 4 Registered UVDB. To understand the main features of IEC 61850-based substation automation systems and their impact on the specification for such systems, it is important to analyse the evolution and. PDF Download) Aug 25, 2015 Smart meters have grabbed a lot of the limelight when it comes to the smart grid. pdf), Text File (. Transformer #2 in Sampson substation. Home Products Substation. Substation earthing system design optimisation through the application of quantified risk analysis Tutorial Advisory Group B3. Figure 3 gives an overview of all subjects covered in this integrated design scheme. Grid View List View. 3 of the Development. (c) Mai Po Section Mai Po Section would be fed by Primary Substations E and F in Mai Po respectively. construction for over 30 substations as well as the conversion of high-side voltages, bay additions and revisions to low-side circuit exits on more than 60 existing substations and systems. Generally, DTE will design, build, own, operate, and maintain any associated high voltage substation and high voltage lines feeding the substation except for those. 1 Electrical Installation of Substation Building, Yard Lighting and Lightning Protection 16 Steel Lattice Construction Portal Type Gantries for 132 kV Overhead Busbars: 16. Battery Calculator (hyperlinked to EE104/1 - page 40). sources design principle at 0. Substation Structure Design Guide Prepared by the ASCE Subcommittee on the Design of Substation Structures, this new manual offers current recommendations developed by substation structure designers Utility engineers, structural and electrical engineers, and anyone that works in the field of transmission line substation design will benefit from. The 132kV substation compound now has 5 turbines connected to it, including a 4 turbine wind farm. Substation Automation Moxa provides state-of-the-art solutions for substation automation and feeder automation applications for both public utilities and enterprises. 5 Low Voltage Network Design 42 3. A unit substation is factory built and tested, then shipped in modules that are bolted together at the site. Classification of Substations by Design. 4 Main requirements. If you want an article on some other topics then comment us below in the comment section. from either substation and disconnecting the feeder, or parts of the feeder, from either of the substations when necessary. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases. 6 kV Customer-Owned Substations for the purpose of: (a) Assuring safe conditions for Customer and Toronto Hydro personnel in operating and maintaining Customer-Owned Substations. Essentially, it is an integrated software used to design substations based on electrical and physical constraints. 4 Concept Design Œ 330/132kV Terminal Yards 24 3. Is it possible to send it?. 250MVA unit for the Shin-Hokushin Substation of Chubu Electric Power Co. in Substations”. 2 Reference standard and documentation 3 1. T unit, isolators, protection and metering P. From initial site review and selection, to creating substation layout drawings and equipment specifications, you will consider every phase in detail. Vendor to confirm 10. final design of foundations and, when applicable, support structures. 1 - Principles and Models 7. US10254949B2 US15/153,617 US201615153617A US10254949B2 US 10254949 B2 US10254949 B2 US 10254949B2 US 201615153617 A US201615153617 A US 201615153617A US 10254949 B2 US10254949 B2. Location, types, sizes, and projections of required embedded anchor bolts. 3 Construction solutions 7 2. the parameters), producing a design can be an iterative and slow process. Acronyms and abbreviations used only in tables and figures are. CIGRE presents their expertise in unique reference books on electrical power networks. Fill out Substation Access Request Form and return to Eversource sponsor A. • Design the required electrical interconnections to ensure correct functioning of the substation equipment • Draw up a list of design inputs for building and structural design engineers • Plan the support facilities required for the substation ElEctrical SubStation and Switchyard dESign. Power Grid: High-Voltage Transformer Substations Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction1 The electric utility industry operates as an integrated system of generation, transmission, and. The HV/MV substation consists of: • open terminal air-insulated design, • single busbar design with the busbar being split into to sections and interconnected via a bus section circuit-breaker, • two incoming circuits – one feeding each section of busbar,. Distributed Photovoltaic Systems Design and Technology Requirements Chuck Whitaker, Jeff Newmiller, Michael Ropp, Benn Norris Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation,. In the proposed design, the integration of protection and switching in the transformer enables to reduce the size of the MV switchgear and then to be able to design an optimized kiosk in terms of dimensions with only one operating face for MV and LV (Fig. 5 % or efficiency of 97. 31 2045 Rev. Documents and drawings needed in a substation design; Certificate of Completion. 101 for Distribution Substation Design Page 2 Version 13. Our system is developed for controlli ng the main CB of the industrial substation and to collect, display and store the electrical parameters from the substation for the future reference. The 132kV substation compound now has 5 turbines connected to it, including a 4 turbine wind farm. Substation design are in Appendix 1 of this document. New large Nordic company 2. Pad Mounted Substation are designed in accordance with IS 14786 / IEC 61330. institute of electrical and electronics engineers, ieee guide for safety in ac substation grounding, ieee std 80-2013, ieee power and energy society, new york, ny. The goal of the selected Design and Construction Team is to provide the City with a “turnkey” installation of Transformer #2 to include all specified auxiliary systems and equipment at Sampson substation. Depending upon the availability of resources these stations are constructed…. Louis –2015 o Bachelor of Science in Systems Science & Engineering. The design of a pre-manufactured substation requires interpretation of the above criteria so that the unit is manufactured to allow for all interconnectivity of individual items of electrical equipment and that the unit allows for site interconnectivity at the correct points for ease of termination of site control and power cabling. 3 Design Process 1. 3 Objectives To obtain deep understanding of electrical systems in the above mentioned industry. Traditional Processes Slow, Manual At first glance, Duke Energy’s substation design process might not seem like an ideal candidate for improvement. ABB / Northern Powergrid / Tynemouth - 132kV GIS Sub Station Protection Design To facilitate the connection of Middlemoor and Wandylaw Windfarms substations, new protection equipment is required at Blyth, Linton, Denwick, Warkworth, Middlemoor and Lynemouth Windfarm substations. (Editor) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. This Design Criteria does not include seismic forces to which the substation could be subjected. OFFICE OF PRIMARY INTEREST: Transmission Branch, Electric Staff Division. Design of main dimensions of rotating machines. INSTRUCTIONS: This bulletin is an update and revision of previous REA Bulletin 65-1, "Design Guide for Rural Substations" (revised June 1978). (b) Assuring a continuity of supply to all Customers by the use of adequate specifications and proper design factors. The grounding grid system of a practical 220 kV substation is calculated by MATLAB. Corridor 61-207. 3 Traditional definitions and types 4 2. substation design. Substation Civil Design and Construction Standard The safety of personnel and equipment must at all times be paramount particularly if live overhead lines or underground cables exist within the construction area. vii NOTATION The following is a list of the acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations (including units of measure) used in this document. substation and field devices 2. New utility substations are most typically located far enough from dense urban areas for the cost of land to be negligible compared to the cost of the equipment placed on that land. In this article, i will share the book of substation design, chapters covered in the book, total pages in the book, author of the book, etc. That’s a rather complicated question, but it starts with a 10 MVA transformer or unit substation with the voltages to match your system. This Substation Automation Local Area Network and Security Design and Implementation Guide CVD (SA LAN and Security CVD) version 2. RUS Bulletin 1724E-302 – Design Guide, Oil Spill Prevention and Control at Substations H. Traction Power Substation #9 Leigh Brinkley, Artist, Charlotte, NC. To the new location please click here. I am working currently in the Water domain and exploring the adoption of AutoCAD Electrical for drawing substation drawings and linking the same with the substation shown as a point in the main map. 9 MVADC rating of the plant is close to the typical peak load. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. off frequency current injection in the area surrounding the substation. Such applications are often referred to as wide-area controls or special protection schemes. This fundamental course leads you through a step-by-step study of the substation design and construction process. The selection of your primary protection will depend on the AHJ, your utility and local codes. Substations are similar in size to a shipping container, with a final site footprint comparable to the size of a double car garage. Substation Power Transformers We are able to achieve compact design with 3D Modeling and high efficiency Substation Power Transformers with Hib grade silicon steel and special type design that is to be easy transpotation and installation. Between the generating station and consumer, electric power may flow through several substations at different voltage levels. 2 OHS and sustainable energy principles, functionality and practices to reduce the incidents of accidents and minimise waste are incorporated into the project in accordance with requirements and/or established procedures 2. 1 Introduction 2 1. 31 2046 Rev. Distribution substation A distribution substation transfers power from the transmission system to the distribution system of an area. Central Electricity Authority. The electric power substation, whether generating station or transmission and distribution, remains one of the most challenging and exciting fields of electric power engineering. While developed especially for aerospace applications, the information has wider utility, and can be used for the design of non-aerospace, as well. 7, page 21). The resultant ‘Substation Earthing Design Tool’ simplifies the design process and enables the designer to quickly arrive at a safe design. All Powell manufactured elements along with third-party elements are considered in the design, fabrication, assembly, test, and delivery of your Traction Power Substation. Development of scope of work and Conceptual design for modifications to existing and new substations. Traditional Processes Slow, Manual At first glance, Duke Energy’s substation design process might not seem like an ideal candidate for improvement. We are launching our Power System Electrician Training Programs starting January 17, 2011. Engineers who need a comprehensive understanding of the design concepts and methods used in protecting high-voltage electrical substation bus and power transformers should take this course. Zone 2 is now supplied from 110kV Gia Luong substation and 110kV Binh Dinh substation. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The customer will design, install, maintain, own and operate all equipment from the division of ownership, at the fence, back to their generation units. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. pdf - Grounding Tutorial Substation Ground System Design Standard IEEE 80 Terry. Transformer outlines, dimensions, and weights b. For utilities, engineers, suppliers, contractors, consultants, and industry professionals this event provides the perfect opportunities to learn, network, and do business. They transform the. Receive Username and Password to. Substation Design Pdf Jean Aitchison Theory Of Language Best Freeware 3d Modeling Software Stahls Varsity Font Free Download Vlc Media Player For Windows 7 Logitech Manual Instructions Arabic Quran Download Pdf Adobe Photoshop Cs5 Free Download And Install Regulations relating to the design and construction of a MV/LV substation is shown in the. More details about the detailed procedure for grounding system design as per IEEE standard guide lines can be found from [2, 9]. Dimensions. The EPCM of a new increased capacity switchyard/substation capable of running the mine site from multiple feeds while minimizing potential downtime by maintaining a high level of configurability. Power Grid: High-Voltage Transformer Substations Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction1 The electric utility industry operates as an integrated system of generation, transmission, and. 3 Traditional definitions and types 4 2. Recent technological develop ments have had a tremendous impact on all. The electric power substation, whether generating station or transmission and distribution, remains one of the most challenging and exciting fields of electric power engineering. Greenfield projects provide an opportunity to design and deploy IEC 61850 substation automation systems. It contains one or. Vendor to confirm 10. from either substation and disconnecting the feeder, or parts of the feeder, from either of the substations when necessary. 2Structure of the substation 6 2. Entergy will design, install, maintain, own and operate the 230 kV ring bus. Drawings and data required include all of the following that are applicable: a. The HV/MV substation consists of: • open terminal air-insulated design, • single busbar design with the busbar being split into to sections and interconnected via a bus section circuit-breaker, • two incoming circuits – one feeding each section of busbar,. COPEL wanted a defined control hierarchy to be implemented between the three Energy Control Stations (ECS), local substation and IEDs. This course is an introduction to substation design. The design of a pre-manufactured substation requires interpretation of the above criteria so that the unit is manufactured to allow for all interconnectivity of individual items of electrical equipment and that the unit allows for site interconnectivity at the correct points for ease of termination of site control and power cabling. 1 Distribution Substation Type 47 3. The electric power substation, whether generating station or transmission and distribution, remains one of the most challenging and exciting fields of electric power engineering. The result is that if one substation has an outage, customers can still be supplied from the second substation. A sharp group of authors from Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Corporate Overview Hubbell Incorporated was founded in 1888 and has grown into an international manufacturer of quality electrical, lighting and power solutions with more than 75 brands used and recognized around the world. A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system. allows maintenance or expansion to occur without taking a substation completely offline. Substation safety issues are reviewed, and trainees are introduced to one-line diagrams used in the power industry. Design of main dimensions of rotating machines. Classification of Substations by Design. Extension of Kwagga substation and establishment of Phoebus substation July 2009 Description of the Proposed Project Page 12 The proposed solution, which is known as the City of Tshwane Electricity Supply Plan Scheme proposed to construct four new substations in the Tshwane area. This is for the connection of the tie breaker and if switchgear is not directly connected to transformer. View PDF & Text: Download: small (250x250 max) medium. It describes various types of substations, illustrates typical layouts, and presents guidelines to be used during detailed design. The new mini substations provide greater capacity, enhanced capabilities (including built-in remote monitoring and distribution line coupling capabilities), and are smaller than previous substations. Basic of 400KV Substation Design. Abstract: Well-designed grounding system is very much essential as far as the safety of the crew and the substation equipments are concerned. Track Design Handbook for Light Rail Transit, Second Edition 11-2 11. This section provides substation design information for Load Entities interconnected at transmission voltage and Transmission Entities. Basic substation safety requirement quantities include ground grid resistance, mesh touch potential and step potential, moreover, optimal design of a substation ground system should include both safety concerns and. Ensure that all aspects of the design are of a high quality in concept, resolution and execution. This is for the connection of the tie breaker and if switchgear is not directly connected to transformer. 1 What is safe design?. Recent technological developments have had tremendous impact on all aspects of substation design, operation, maintenance, safety, and grounding, testing and troubleshooting. 132 kV Substation. Since bus bars are not round, circular mils must be converted to mils squared (simply multiply the circular mils value by 0. and using software integration of data when retrofitting existing design. A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system. The different kinds of faults are also simulated. The electric power substation, whether generating station or transmission and distribution, remains one of the most challenging and exciting fields of electric power engineering. Receive Username and Password to. • Consider also that systems from separate vendors often are used. 1 Optical Fibre Based Teleprotection & Communications Equipment. Electric Power eTool: Illustrated Glossary - Substations. Traditional Processes Slow, Manual At first glance, Duke Energy’s substation design process might not seem like an ideal candidate for improvement. The public realm design philosophy for the Intake Substation is presented in Section 4. pdf Diseño Sub-w\Copy of SVC Subst Profile 3. these clearances. Zone 1 is now supplied power from 110kV Vo Cuong substation and 110kV Dap Cau substation. 4 - Compatible logical node classes and data classes. 4 Main requirements. Generally, DTE will design, build, own, operate, and maintain any associated high voltage substation and high voltage lines feeding the substation except for those. Track Design Handbook for Light Rail Transit, Second Edition 11-2 11. You are required to study the design guide developed for the United States Department of Agriculture: RUS Bulletin 1724E-300 Design Guide for Rural Substations (Issued June 2001, 764 pages, PDF file format). The purpose of this document is to provide a general guide to the design of an Air Insulated Switchgear (AIS) and a Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS) of an AC substation. Since bus bars are not round, circular mils must be converted to mils squared (simply multiply the circular mils value by 0. Substation automation Configuration • Substation Automation Systems can have several 10s to 100 different programmable devices. Eduardo is an active member in IEEE Substation working groups. construction of electrical transmission lines and substation components, however there is no comprehensive document covering all aspects of the problem. Chapter IV - System Planning, Design, Construction, and Protection NEI Electric Power Engineering Page IV-4 The 115 kV voltage level is commonly used to deliver power to sub-transmission systems and distribution substations. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. Substation Types i. 2 – Substation Cost Estimates Summary. For substations which are required to be fire rated, this sheet will also show the requirements for the fire rated enclosure. It introduces the methodology, standards, frameworks, tools, and languages of agent-based approaches and presents a general procedure for building agent-based concurrent engineering. Substations and their component systems are described, along with the various bus configurations and types of construction in use today. Prerequisites This course is intended for engineers in the first few years of substation engineering and design, and for managers or seasoned designers who want an overview of the complete substation engineering and design process. This paper is to provide information pertinent to safe earthing practices in ac substation design and to establish the safe limits of potential difference under normal and fault conditions. 2 Purpose of the design is established and expected outcomes of the work are confirmed with the appropriate personnel. 6 Functional Specifications Œ132/22kV Zone Substation 28 3. Town Substation, more than 50 years old, is located on a 0. the parameters), producing a design can be an iterative and slow process. 34 Expected impact of future grid concept on substation management B3. ppt), PDF File (. transformers, capacitors and reclosers. Substation Grounding Tutorial. au or phone (07) 3664 DATA – 3664 3282 so that the records can be updated. In particular, we focus on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). Physical Security of the U. OFFSHORE SUBSTATION DESIGN Complete substation designs tailored for your offshore wind farm. 9 MVADC rating of the plant is close to the typical peak load. Download File. UMKC Senior Design Substation Team recommends completing this coverage: 1. Page: 1/2. The purpose of the solution release associated with this document was to further enhance the. design, maintenance, and operation of Compact Substation for a period of 10 working days. 5kV to 765kV for public and private clients throughout the United States and western Canada, and is skilled in performing substation work under engineer-procure-construct (EPC) and construct-only methods of project delivery. Code of Practice No. 1 The design and construction of substations, substation enclosures and equipment accesses are covered by, but not restricted to, the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations and the Health and Safety at Work Act. This voltage rise could reach unacceptable and dangerous levels. Available instantly. As you can see, the overview is complex, but on the other hand the MV/LV electrical substation is the synthesis of several design activities (electrical, mechanical, construction. While developed especially for aerospace applications, the information has wider utility, and can be used for the design of non-aerospace, as well. A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system. The customer will design, install, maintain, own and operate all equipment from the division of ownership, at the fence, back to their generation units. PDH credits are not awarded until the course is completed and quiz is passed. Figure 3 gives an overview of all subjects covered in this integrated design scheme. Mobile Substations Kuhlman/IEM mobile substations consist of a single or three phase transformer, high voltage disconnected switch, high and low voltage lighting arresters, high voltage fuses, low voltage circuit breakers with. Table 1-1 Yard Minimum Clearances Nominal Operating Voltage (Ph-Ph) 1,2, kV Nom 1 Basic Impulse Level. The goal of the selected Design and Construction Team is to provide the City with a “turnkey” installation of Transformer #2 to include all specified auxiliary systems and equipment at Sampson substation. The new mini substations provide greater capacity, enhanced capabilities (including built-in remote monitoring and distribution line coupling capabilities), and are smaller than previous substations. A substation is a part of an electrical generation, transmission, and distribution system. MOBILE SUBSTATIONS 2015 MINNESOTA POWER SYSTEMS CONFERENCE Scott Storrar Contributors: Bill Hansen, Kyle Reddell, Tom McGrath. In particular, we focus on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). Extension of Kwagga substation and establishment of Phoebus substation July 2009 Description of the Proposed Project Page 12 The proposed solution, which is known as the City of Tshwane Electricity Supply Plan Scheme proposed to construct four new substations in the Tshwane area. Drawings for a substation project can range from a few to over a hundred depending on owner’s preferences and size and type of substation project. 2 out of 5 stars 4. txt) or read book online for free. If switchgear is separated, the use of conduit and wire shall not be used. Substations are nodes in the smart grid infrastructure that help the in transportation of power by connecting the transmission and distri-bution lines. com 01765600620 07785230452 31/05/2013 Substation Civil Design Neil Robertson Neil. Section 11 of Digest 178 catalog includes selection information for switchboards, low and medium voltage switchgear, unit substations, MV controllers, substation circuit breakers, and overhead distribution equipment. The different kinds of faults are also simulated. Building a new substation or retrofitting the old one is a complex process full of design and engineering tasks to be worked on. This multi-year, design-build alliance included both new substation. By running shield wires from the 138kV transmission tower to a) lightning Mast1,. To understand the main features of IEC 61850-based substation automation systems and their impact on the specification for such systems, it is important to analyse the evolution and. ii) These potential transformers will be used as Bus-Bar P. This energy corridor is sited to avoid the Agua Fria National Monument. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. Substations load comparison for the period from November 2010 through February 2012 shows a decline of -0. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Abstract: Well-designed grounding system is very much essential as far as the safety of the crew and the substation equipments are concerned. Footprint of a typical 630 kVA substation. Electric Power eTool: Illustrated Glossary - Substations. e 55 km from the generator station, the problem is that this system has refused to work, it trips after every 3 hours, What could be the problem with this arrangement,The voltage is too high at the receiving going upto 255V for single phase, attempts to transpose the line has. The MV/LV transformer substations 2 1. The must-attend triennial conference on the analysis, design, construction, and maintenance of electrical transmission line and substation structures and foundations. High speed earthing switches are unique to GIS design as they are not normally used in air insulated substations. Substation design are in Appendix 1 of this document. Support for the preparation of FCRs. 6 Functional Specifications Œ132/22kV Zone Substation 28 3. The level of design detail can be customized from minimal design consultation and advice to a complete design package with specifications and drawings. In the proposed design, the integration of protection and switching in the transformer enables to reduce the size of the MV switchgear and then to be able to design an optimized kiosk in terms of dimensions with only one operating face for MV and LV (Fig. in Substations”. The resultant ‘Substation Earthing Design Tool’ simplifies the design process and enables the designer to quickly arrive at a safe design. DEE - Departamento de Engenharia El trica UFRJ. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. • Simple and well-arranged technical design through the use of well-proven experience resulting from technologies employed in many transportable traction sub stations. Acronyms and abbreviations used only in tables and figures are. This sheet is intended for issue to the customer. 66 to 11-KV new distribution substation design. transmission lines and substations are allunique, and the cost of a specific line or substation may be significantly different than the costs provided here due to a variety of factors. Presenter – Eduardo Ramirez-Bettoni, P. • Managing functionality & data spread over several platforms becomes a challenging task. The techniques covered in IEEE 80 are most useful for analyzing and designing ground grids for substations connected to solidly grounded high voltage lines. Traction Power Substation #9 Leigh Brinkley, Artist, Charlotte, NC. b) The overall area dimensions of the substation will be considered as 320m x 270m including temporally storage area, site offices etc. (Electrical engineers know how to design equipment that emits less EMF, but decades ago few people worried about it. Classification of Substations by Design. Integration and the ability to package all the necessary elements into a single working system is the goal and no one can accomplish this like Powell. The following formula determines the minimum cross-sectional area of a conductor. pacificsteelstructures. substation, wind power plant, wind turbine generator. Between the generating station and consumer, electric power may flow through several substations at different voltage levels. The typical substation layout is shown in following Figure 6. Substation Design Criteria Page 4 of 8 Electrical Clearances Yard Clearances The substation shall be designed to provide at a minimum, the yard clearances and spacing in Table 1-1. We have expertise in providing substation engineering packages for both utility and private customers including electrical protection and control, physical substation design, structural and civil. Substation safety issues are reviewed, and trainees are introduced to one-line diagrams used in the power industry. I have a 500kVA generator supplying 33kV line with a distance of 55km, The line has 7 transformers at the receiving i. (Editor) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. Substation automation Configuration • Substation Automation Systems can have several 10s to 100 different programmable devices. 31 2047 – Substation Standards Grounding Loop 50. 2 Filter with Memory146 6. Digital HV substations. Chamber substations are covered by NS 113. Developing overall construction sequence for the Projects. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Substation design shall be suitable for the environment. Substation Construction. RUS Bulletin 1724E-200 – Design Manual for High Voltage Transmission Lines G. These tend to emit more radiation than newer ones. The result is that if one substation has an outage, customers can still be supplied from the second substation. A sharp group of authors from Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc. Such applications are often referred to as wide-area controls or special protection schemes. 5 % or efficiency of 97. Generally, DTE will design, build, own, operate, and maintain any associated high voltage substation and high voltage lines feeding the substation except for those. Substation Configuration • Substation configuration can greatly affect protection choices • Substation physical design engineers must be in full agreement with protection and control engineers, even for temporary substation configurations. Includes bibliographical references and index. Determine the soil resistivity by tests. Stone Crusher In Substation. This is the of You won't see this message or any elements not part of the book's content when you print or this page. Mission Critical Information Technology Architecture facilitates a cross-agency vision for developing lasting, collaborative IT solutions making the best use of available resources. However, with limited guidance on procedures alternative design codes and standards may be used. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. The Plans and Specifications and the Plan and Profile, if any, shall be based on the design data approved by the Owner and by the Administrator, if approval of the Administrator is required. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877) 322-5800 F: (877) 322-4774 [email protected] As shown in Figure 1, the design included a temperature sensor connected to one of the HC11's A/D input pins on Port E, and light emitting diodes (LEDs) connected to Port B. Electricity produced by the arrays would be collected and routed to an on-site substation. docx Created Date: 5/8/2015 6:26:40 PM. Includes bibliographical references and index. Between the generating station and consumer, electric power may flow through several substations at different voltage levels. Number 9 3M graphic film and paint. Of course, there will be cases that require some customization, but automated substation design typically follows the Pareto principle, more commonly known as the 80-20 rule. MOBILE SUBSTATIONS 2015 MINNESOTA POWER SYSTEMS CONFERENCE Scott Storrar Contributors: Bill Hansen, Kyle Reddell, Tom McGrath. FREE Shipping by Amazon. 101 for Distribution Substation Design Page 2 Version 13. Thus, a typical utility design does not place a great emphasis on substation footprint, as the equipment is the key driver of cost. 37 Internal arc effects in medium voltage switchgear (1-52kV) - mitigation. Fundamentals of Modern Electrical Substations Part 1: Mission of Electrical Substations and their Main Components Course No: E02-010 Credit: 2 PDH Boris Shvartsberg, Ph. The Opti-OWECS study further explored the possibilities of fl exible dynamic design. Distribution substation A distribution substation transfers power from the transmission system to the distribution system of an area. The drawing of a single part is called a detailed drawing. Recently, the substation design process has been the focus of a concerted process improvement effort at Duke Energy. Introduction to Substation Earthing Grid. Under substation fault, both the substation earth grid and the pole grid resistance are exposed to voltage rise. This comprehensive overview brings these disciplines together to give you an interactive guide to high voltage, air or gas insulated substation design. KV substation and simulation for calculation of required parameters.